Air Conditioning Ottawa 101
When you get down to the basics, Air conditioners are really very simple machines. All air conditioners operate on the same principles as your refrigerator or freezer. Just like these common household appliances, Air Conditioners in Ottawa come in various sizes and inefficiencies. Central Air Conditioners are rated by SEER. Regardless of the size or capacity, the higher the SEER rating, the less electricity the Air Conditioner consumes to cool your home.
Heat Pumps are basically air conditioners that have the ability to reverse operation to provide heat to the home.
Types of Air Conditioning in Ottawa
In Ottawa, there are basically two types of air conditioners that are most commonly installed. Central Air Conditioning is by far the most common, as most home are heated with a Forced Air Furnace and duct-work to distribute the air. Many other homes, particularly in downtown Ottawa, are heated by a hot water radiator systems using a boiler, and other heat with electric baseboard. For these homes, a Ductless, or Mini-Split Air Conditioner is a very efficient alternative to noisy and inconvenient window Air Conditioners. Electric baseboard heaters are also very common in some Ottawa neighborhoods built in the late 70’s. For these homes, a Ductless Heat Pump can provide heat as well, and can provide reduce energy costs significantly.
Central Air Conditioning in Ottawa:
Central air conditioners can also be referred to as “split systems”. This is because the Air Conditioner is made up of two parts. The condensing unit, which typically houses the compressor, is located outside the home and the evaporator coil is located inside the duct-work directly above the furnace. In some systems, usually Heat Pumps the evaporator coil is built into an air handler. Refrigerant pumped through the lines between the indoor and outdoor sections to cool (or heat, in the case of a Heat Pump) the indoor coil. The furnace or Air Handler is then able to push the conditioned air through the indoor coil, distributing it to the various rooms in the home.
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Ductless Min-Split Air Conditioning in Ottawa:
Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioners are very similar to Central Air Conditioners, in that they also have an indoor and outdoor section, connected by refrigerant lines. They differ in that the indoor unit also incorporates an independent blower and related controls. The most commonly installed Ductless Mini-Split in Ottawa is the wall mounted cassette. There are, however several other configurations available. The include ceiling mounted units, floor level units and mini air handlers that can be hidden and have the ability to a limited number of ducts to different rooms. The experts at Below Zero Heating & Cooling can advise on the most viable options for your home.
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Packaged Central Air Conditioning in Ottawa:
“Packaged” central air conditioning units in Ottawa are more typically found in commercial applications. In a packaged air conditioner, the evaporator, condenser, and compressor are all located in one cabinet, which usually is placed on a roof or on a concrete slab next to the building and ducted to the indoors. Due to the colder climate in Ottawa, packaged air conditioners most often include electric heating coils or a natural gas furnace, which eliminates the need for a separate heating unit indoors.